Banner makers fall into three categories; Professional, Semi Professional and Home Made.
The large, painted and often complex banners are generally produced by a professional banner-making firm. Several South Wales Area National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) Lodge banners were made by Co-operative Arts Service in Leicester in the 1950s. The Cambrian Lodge banner for example, was made in 1958 at a cost of £97.
Co-operative Arts Service banners were made out of heavy twill with a machine finish to give the appearance of silk. The banners were silk screen printed. Banners were also made from linen and painted. This was a cheaper option and allowed the banner to be repainted frequently with topical illustrations or wordings.
The banner makers Turtle & Pearce of London made the Oakdale Navigation Lodge banner in 1961. It cost £150.
Oakdale Navigation Lodge Banner